Hello! New member, but I'm a huge Tolkien enthusiast and have been reading/using the website's lessons for awhile. I run a roleplaying campaign set in Middle-earth, and we were able to hold a (rudimentary, scripted) conversation in Sindarin, which was really fun! I'm sure we probably butchered it.
A friend of mine was asking opinions on naming a sword for his own game - he was going for something poetic, like "Foe-flame" and he suggested "Glamnaur." That sounded wrong to me, and I suggested "Glamnor" instead, because the "naur" root is transformed in other names - Aegnor, Feanor, Baranor. Another friend pointed out however that "Glamnor" because it combines two noun roots (enemy host / fire) would be "Fire of Foes" and therefore rather a negative, harmful thing.
I realized through this discussion that I wasn't entirely sure why the "naur" root shortens to "nor" - what rule of the language is being applied there? It doesn't seem like an ordinary soft mutation.
Although Glam in Glamdring is glossed as 'foe-hammer', Glam itself means 'din, uproar, yelling, bellowing (of beasts, orcs)'. So I'm not sure your friend would want Glam anyway!
The word for 'foe' is Gûd, or 'enemy' is Coth
There are many many rules around creating compound words and names, and one of them is how the diphthong AU is treated. If it's the final element in a word (like Feanor) the AU changes to an O. If it's in the first element of a word it can either be an A or an O depending on its history (like the word Narwain, January).
Thank you! That explains it. I found the sidebar in the Names section that goes through all the rules. I knew it didn’t look right, but wasn’t sure why. Sammath Naur was the only name I could think of where the word root wasn’t modified. I do however have a follow-up question just to clarify that I understand the AU change.
The AU -> O change is only certain in the end of the word? If the compound is present in the beginning or middle of a compound word, it is treated differently based on the specific word. So the history of the original word being a long or short “A” determines whether AU changes to “A” (as in Narya) or “O” (in Glorfindel) depends on how the original root word was meant to sound? (naur from naro being long, and glaur from glawar being short?)
“Glarfindel” certainly doesn’t sound right, nor would “Norya”! I guess each time a word in question has the AU compound it needs to be interrogated to make sure it reflects its original sound as closely as possible.
Amy: Hello! I am confused about the verb nautha-. In lesson 17 the dialog at the start has “nauthog” for “you think”, then “semin” for “I think”. Is nautha- one of the irregular verbs? I can’t find anything else it in the lessons or dictionary. Thank you!
Jul 12, 2020 2:56:39 GMT
Xandarien: Suilad! There have been two verbs used for 'to think', I apologise for the confusion. There's Nautha- 'to conceive an idea, think' and Sam- 'to think. Sam- should have been removed everywhere as it was a reconstruction that we don't need. I'll change that.
Jul 13, 2020 8:47:43 GMT
Amy: Thank you! I really enjoy the lessons. Len hannon!
Jul 14, 2020 2:16:08 GMT
Xandarien: Please note I am currently on holiday and will respond to messages next week 😃
Aug 7, 2020 11:41:18 GMT