What's the difference between these? A cleaver is one of these. In Middle Earth, the sword Orcrist was also called "Goblin Cleaver". Hathol was the name of a person known as The Axe so although the Sindarin gloss does state 'broadsword or axe' I tend to just use it to mean axe. By 'broadsword' Tolkien may have meant these. A cutlass is often associated with sailors and pirates, and looks like this. In Middle Earth the peoples most associated with this were the Corsairs of Umbar. Magol is the generic word for 'sword'.
Other weapons: Aith/Thela = Spear-point Grond = Club Fannil = Staff (a quarterstaff) Hadlath = Sling Peng = Bow Pilin = Arrow(s) (plural and singular are identical) Sigil = Dagger Tang = Bowstring (not a weapon by itself, but part of a Peng)
Armour: Amath/Thand = Shield - there's no difference whatsoever in meaning Ammas = Breastplate Harn/Thôl = Helmet
Harn is glossed as just 'Helmet' whereas Thôl is 'Helm, helmet'. I have spent far too much time trying to determine if he intended there to be a difference, given that Helm is the older archaic English form, but have never come to a satisfactory conclusion.
Tactics: Dírnaith = A military wedge-formation launched over a short distance against an enemy massing but not yet arrayed, or against a defensive formation on open ground Thangail = Shield-fence, a battle formation of the Dúnedain
Amy: Hello! I am confused about the verb nautha-. In lesson 17 the dialog at the start has “nauthog” for “you think”, then “semin” for “I think”. Is nautha- one of the irregular verbs? I can’t find anything else it in the lessons or dictionary. Thank you!
Jul 12, 2020 2:56:39 GMT
Xandarien: Suilad! There have been two verbs used for 'to think', I apologise for the confusion. There's Nautha- 'to conceive an idea, think' and Sam- 'to think. Sam- should have been removed everywhere as it was a reconstruction that we don't need. I'll change that.
Jul 13, 2020 8:47:43 GMT
Amy: Thank you! I really enjoy the lessons. Len hannon!
Jul 14, 2020 2:16:08 GMT
Halcyon: Suilad, Mae l’ovannen!
Sept 11, 2020 15:15:50 GMT
Halcyon: I’ve just started taking these lessons, and I’m really learning a lot already! The format you’ve presented the lessons in is easy to navigate. Thank you for creating this website!
Sept 11, 2020 15:17:34 GMT
Teryn: Wow, this website is amazing! I started the lessons two days ago and I'm already using phrases with some friends of mine. Thank you sooo much for creating this, I can't tell you how helpful it is!!
Sept 14, 2020 23:34:15 GMT
Xandarien: You're both very welcome, and if you're 16 or over don't forget I have a Discord
Sept 15, 2020 19:46:27 GMT
Felix: what is your discord?
Sept 30, 2020 16:32:58 GMT
Xandarien: Please PM me for access
Sept 30, 2020 19:42:36 GMT
Adanedhell: Where did you collect all the knowledge? I mean the books of Tolkien etc.
Oct 27, 2020 16:47:28 GMT
Xandarien: There are essays and notes published in two journals called Vinyar Tengwar and Parma Eldalamberon, also in bits of The History of Middle-earth, odd words here and there really!
Oct 28, 2020 20:40:53 GMT
Taisa: Hello. I need some help on translation if someone here can help please. I need to translate "now and always" in sindarin.
Mar 23, 2021 17:04:36 GMT
Xandarien: If you are encountering a 404 error when trying to download the phrasebook this is intended due to the ongoing website revamp I'm doing behind the scenes
Apr 9, 2021 14:45:21 GMT
Taliandra: I am so excited to have found this, thank you so much for making it all free, My days will be filled with study to learn this gorgeous language. I can't wait to impress my LARP friends with my expertise in the elven tongue!
Apr 28, 2021 3:18:29 GMT