What's the difference between these? A cleaver is one of these. In Middle Earth, the sword Orcrist was also called "Goblin Cleaver". Hathol was the name of a person known as The Axe so although the Sindarin gloss does state 'broadsword or axe' I tend to just use it to mean axe. By 'broadsword' Tolkien may have meant these. A cutlass is often associated with sailors and pirates, and looks like this. In Middle Earth the peoples most associated with this were the Corsairs of Umbar. Magol is the generic word for 'sword'.
Other weapons: Aith/Thela = Spear-point Grond = Club Fannil = Staff (a quarterstaff) Hadlath = Sling Peng = Bow Pilin = Arrow(s) (plural and singular are identical) Sigil = Dagger Tang = Bowstring (not a weapon by itself, but part of a Peng)
Armour: Amath/Thand = Shield - there's no difference whatsoever in meaning Ammas = Breastplate Harn/Thôl = Helmet
Harn is glossed as just 'Helmet' whereas Thôl is 'Helm, helmet'. I have spent far too much time trying to determine if he intended there to be a difference, given that Helm is the older archaic English form, but have never come to a satisfactory conclusion.
Tactics: Dírnaith = A military wedge-formation launched over a short distance against an enemy massing but not yet arrayed, or against a defensive formation on open ground Thangail = Shield-fence, a battle formation of the Dúnedain
Amy: Hello! I am confused about the verb nautha-. In lesson 17 the dialog at the start has “nauthog” for “you think”, then “semin” for “I think”. Is nautha- one of the irregular verbs? I can’t find anything else it in the lessons or dictionary. Thank you!
Jul 12, 2020 2:56:39 GMT
Xandarien: Suilad! There have been two verbs used for 'to think', I apologise for the confusion. There's Nautha- 'to conceive an idea, think' and Sam- 'to think. Sam- should have been removed everywhere as it was a reconstruction that we don't need. I'll change that.
Jul 13, 2020 8:47:43 GMT
Amy: Thank you! I really enjoy the lessons. Len hannon!
Jul 14, 2020 2:16:08 GMT
Xandarien: Please note I am currently on holiday and will respond to messages next week 😃
Aug 7, 2020 11:41:18 GMT