Ped- = to say, speak Carfa- = to talk, use tongue, speak
On the face of it these two verbs are quite similar. So what's the difference between these two, and how would you use them?
For the differences we need to look at their roots, which are quite informative: Ped- comes from KWET = to say (certain things), announce Carfa- comes from KARAP = mouth-system, to use full organised language including system, vocabulary, metre etc.
Carfon pith = I speak words (because I have a full understanding of the language) Pedin pith = I say words Carfa andin = He speaks to them Pêd andin = He says to them
Use Carfa- when you're referring to language or speech, and use Ped- for more general usage.
Carfon i lam in Edhil = I speak the tongue of the Elves Pedin "Galu" na in Edhil = I say "Hello" to the Elves
Post by LuckyPheathers on Mar 30, 2016 5:13:01 GMT
When I started learning sindarin and learned simple phrases, I was taught that the translation for "do you speak elvish?" is "pedil edhellen?". Does this mean it should rather be "carfol edhellen?" (or "carfog" if informal)?
Amy: Hello! I am confused about the verb nautha-. In lesson 17 the dialog at the start has “nauthog” for “you think”, then “semin” for “I think”. Is nautha- one of the irregular verbs? I can’t find anything else it in the lessons or dictionary. Thank you!
Jul 12, 2020 2:56:39 GMT
Xandarien: Suilad! There have been two verbs used for 'to think', I apologise for the confusion. There's Nautha- 'to conceive an idea, think' and Sam- 'to think. Sam- should have been removed everywhere as it was a reconstruction that we don't need. I'll change that.
Jul 13, 2020 8:47:43 GMT
Amy: Thank you! I really enjoy the lessons. Len hannon!
Jul 14, 2020 2:16:08 GMT